Dexamethasone is a glucocorticoid steroid that belongs to the class of drugs known as anti-inflammatory agents. Glucocorticoids are released by the adrenal cortex in response to stress and other immune stimuli, and they act on many different cells to bring about systemic effects in the body.
Some common diseases that glucocorticoids help treat include rheumatoid arthritis, colitis, asthma, lupus, inflammatory bowel disease, and skin problems such as eczema and psoriasis.
What is dexamethasone
Dexamethasone is a type of steroid called a glucocorticoid. Steroids are chemicals naturally produced by your adrenal glands. It’s often prescribed to treat inflammation and allergic reactions. For example, some people use it to treat asthma or other breathing disorders or allergies to insect bites.
What is dexamethasone used for?
Dexamethasone is a synthetic corticosteroid that has a range of uses, such as to treat asthma, allergy symptoms, and arthritis. It’s an immune system suppressant and helps to reduce inflammation in various parts of your body by preventing certain cells from producing inflammation-causing chemicals (prostaglandins).
The trade name for dexamethasone is Decadron. It’s often prescribed as an injection or tablet form—although it’s available in gel and cream forms too.
Advantages of Dexamethasone
- A steroid, Dexamethasones helps reduce swelling.
- It can also be taken before surgery to prevent nausea and vomiting, or after an injury to control inflammation and pain.
- As an adrenal corticosteroid, it can reduce anxiety.
- It’s important to note that there are several different forms of Dexamethasone; using a supplement with no synthetic ingredient can help you get more from your medication.
- Dosage will vary depending on your condition, but the over-the-counter forms will typically come in 1mg capsules, while prescription versions have 2mg.
Dexamethasone side effects
Side effects of steroids are common. The most commonly reported side effects include
- mood swings,
- weight gain,
- high blood pressure,
- high cholesterol and
There is also a risk of complications with pregnancy when steroid use is prolonged or high doses are taken by women who may be pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
Other possible side effects can occur depending on how quickly or slowly your body processes medications and include:
- restlessness and
Because these can be serious side effects it’s important to speak with your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms developing.
When it comes to anti-inflammatory medicines, there are quite a few effective options on the market. What sets Dexamethasone apart from other available anti-inflammatory medicines is that Dexamethasone offers a very long time frame of effectiveness.
That’s not to say that it can only be taken once or twice but rather that its effects can last up to several days after treatment ends. The result of its long-term effects means that patients can reduce their dosage as they come off medication and are sure not to experience any side effects in doing so.
In oral tablets of 4mg, 8mg and 12mg doses, It can be prescribed to treat a wide range of conditions. Asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer and eye infections are just some of the health problems that can be treated with synthetic corticosteroids such as dexamethasone.
There is a 40mcg strength available for topical use on areas such as your skin or nose. A higher dose of 60mg per day may be prescribed if you have an inflammatory condition such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.
How long does it take for dexamethasone to work
It a corticosteroid, belongs to a class of drugs called glucocorticoids. These steroids reduce inflammation throughout your body and have many uses.
A doctor may prescribe dexamethasone if you have an inflammatory disease such as arthritis or colitis (inflammation of your colon), asthma, lupus, Crohn’s disease, dermatitis or eczema.
The drug may also be prescribed to treat cancerous tumors that release substances causing severe inflammation in your body. Many times dexamethasone is given at first because it can help control these symptoms while you begin treatment with another drug that works more directly against the tumor.
Prednisolone vs. dexamethasone
Both prednisolone and dexamethasone are steroid hormones, which doctors prescribe to treat inflammation, swelling, allergic reactions and other medical issues.
The drugs belong to a group of compounds called glucocorticoids (glucose + corticosteroid), which your body produces naturally to regulate immune function. Prednisolone functions as a precursor molecule that your liver converts into other steroid hormones.
Prednisolone can be prescribed as a standalone drug or in combination with another medication. Dexamethasone comes in oral and injectable forms, but only in low doses because it functions primarily as an anti-inflammatory corticosteroid, not a precursor hormone like prednisolone.
Can I mix prednisolone and dexamethasone?
You can use prednisolone and dexamethasone together. It’s generally a good idea to avoid mixing different medications unless they’re specifically designed to do so, as mixing drugs that have similar side effects can result in increased reactions and side effects.
When taking multiple medications, it’s best to take them at different times of day (rather than at once). While there are no specific interactions you need to worry about with these two medications, make sure you don’t have any existing conditions that will be worsened by them; your doctor should be able to help with details about specific side effects and interactions.
With its powerful anti-inflammatory properties, it’s no wonder that Dexamethason has been prescribed since 1962 to fight inflammation. Today, some of its most common uses include reducing swelling in autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus as well as fighting allergies and asthma.
In addition, Dexamethasone is a potent steroid; it’s one of many medications prescribed to treat inflammatory eye conditions (such as keratitis or conjunctivitis) by preventing bacteria from attaching to sensitive tissue around your eyes.
Its role in protecting your immune system makes it an important treatment option during cancer treatments such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy and in organ transplantation surgery patients where an impaired immune system could lead to infection.